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北京广播学院1999年硕士学位研究生入学考试国际新闻业务试题

2010-5-15 14:17 |  编辑出版网  | nihao

  北京广播学院1999年硕士学位研究生入学考试国际新闻业务试题

  (第一部分)

一、名词解释(每题4分,共20分)

1、电子媒介

2、广播传播符号

3、《新闻纵横》

4、体验采访

5、数据广播

二、问答题(每题15分,共30分)

1、什么是连续报道与系列报道?请举实例说明各自特色。(广播或电视新闻节目均可)

2、广播新闻报道中叙述语言音响的作用是什么?如何处理二者之间的关系?

(第二部分)

A、 Translate the following two passages into Chinese(20分)

(1) KosvoTops EU Agenda

SALZBURG,Austria(Agencies via Xinhua)―European for-eign ministers met for a second day yestday ,focusing on the Russian economic and political crisis and the fightingin Kosovo .

On Saturday ,they concentrated on ways of improving co-ordination among the 15 foreign ministers following critrcrsm they were slow to move and in effective in the face of interna Ctional crises

The latest attack on the EU foreign ministers came from the US special envoy to Kosovo ,Christopher Hill,who said they “turned their backs”on the violence wracked southern Serbian province

Hill is trying to hammer out aninterim deal between the authorities in Belgrade and Kosovo’s ethnic Albanians fighting for indepence.

The ministers declined to offer Russia extra cash or debt relief yesterday and said the country bore responsibility for rdsolving its own political and economiccrisis .

They urged Russian President Boris Yeltsin to form a new govermnent as soon as possible and to prevent there Cemergence of a command economy

(2)

Law-and Corder is the longest Crunning and probably the best Cloved political issue in US history.Yet it is painfully apparent ,that millions of Americans who would never thind of themselves as lawbreakers ,let alope criminals ,are taking increasing liberties with the legal codes that are designed to protect and nourish their society Indeed ,there are moments the wave of the future .Harvard Sociologist David Ries man suspects that a majority of ,Amercans have blithely taken to conmitting supposedly minor derelictions as a matter of course Already ,Riesman says ,the ethic of US society is in danger of becom-ing this :You’re a fool if you obey the rules .

B Write a brief summary of the following article in English ( around 200 words )(30 分)

Extensive use by Canadian midia of US media coverage of Asia may nor be in the best interests of the Canadian public ,according to a recent study commissioned by the Asia Pacific Foundation.

The study said using foreign sources for news is less expensive than producing original coverage .

But it added :“It also poses the question as to whether it is in Canada’s best interests to have its sources of information ,which inflrence our vision of Asia and the rest of the world,conour vision of Asia and the rest of th world ,conortolled by other narions whose foreign policy conside rarions may differ sharply from our own .”

The study looked at this country’s media coverage of Asia and of the Asian media’s percepzion of Canda .

The study looked at 10,563Asia-reiated stories published in 1988in 14major newspapers ,ranging from The Vancouver Sun to The Financial post

As well radio and television coverage of Asia was also included in the 100,000study.

Among the study’s findings is that the Canadian media relies heavily on foreign news sorrees ,ranging US ,for coverage of political and business issues in Asia .

“Canadians seem to have accepted the idea that US and Canadian intenational interess concide most of the time .examples can be found in some English Clanguage newspapers which suggest an unwillingness to neuralize the American influence by providing more coverage of other of other regions of the word from a Canadian perspective ,”the study said .

Besides cost ,other reasons cited for the lack of foreign coverage produced by Canadians included the limited resale value of stories outside the country and the media’s lack of experience in intemarional issues .

“Canadica journalists in Asia often joke that they have heard that a great marker exists in Canada for stories from Thailand Cthat there is a Winnipeg angle ,”the study said .

“Media organizarions do not feel pressured enough by the pubilc to do a better job .Foreign news editors express surrrse sometimes at the lack of complaints they geyt ”when they have failed to cover major intemational newss events properly”

From the Asian media’s perrpective ,the view of Ccanada is limited and vague .The Canada US free trde agreement ,for example ,is seen as an American initiative to “secure free access to abundant nanral resources in the north “.The proposed agreement with Mexico is seen as a way to “gain access to cheap labor in the south “

Added the repor “Due to incomplete information ,misinformation about ,Canada US free trade agreement ,for example ,is seen as an American initiarive to “secure free access to abundant nanual resources in the north .”The proposed agreement with Mexico is seen as a way to “gain access to cheap labor in the sorth ”

Added the report :“Due to incomplete information misinformation about Canada a bounds .For example ,because Canada is acknowledged as a billingual country ,many people assume that most Canadians speak both English and French and ,consequently ,do not understand why Quebec wants to separate from Canada .”

“Canadians have the reputation of being conservative rather than risk Ctakers resulting in aslower paced business culture and lifestyle ”

The 2 1/2-year study included interviews with 200senior ,foreign editors and Asians correspondents wording for Asian media outhts in 12coumtries ,As well ,the research included interviews with 100seniwr editors and foreign reporters working for Canadian newspapers ,television networks and radio statious .

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